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Assignment:You will conduct a community needs assessment by choosing a specified
Assignment:You will conduct a community needs assessment by choosing a specified population orcommunity. Grades will be based on the guidelines listed. Papers submitted must betyped using APA format. A PowerPoint presentation of community needs assessmentneeds to be submitted through the drop box.Community_____________________ Date______________  I) Overview  A) Description of the Community i) History ii) Type of community: urban, suburban, rural  II) Physical Environmental Considerations: The Community As a Place A) Description: general identifying data i) Location ii) Topographical features iii) Climate  B) Boundaries, area in square miles C) Environment i) Sanitation: water supply, sewage, garbage, trash ii) Pollutants, toxic substances, animal reservoirs or vectors, flora and fauna  iii) Air quality: color, odor, particulates iv) Food supply: sources, preparation  v) Potential disaster in the population  vi) Extent of disaster preparation in the population  D) Housing  i) Types of housing (public and private) ii) Condition of housing  iii) Percent owned, rentediv) Housing for special populations(a) Near homeless(b) Homeless(c) Frail elders  E) Leading industries and occupations III) The People of the Community  A) Population profile i) Total population for _________(year of last census) ii) Population density iii) Population changes in past 10 years iv) Population per square miles v) Mobility vi) Types of Families  B) Biological Considerations/Vital and demographic population characteristics i) Age composition ii) Sex distribution iii) Race distribution iv) Ethnic group composition and distribution v) Mortality Characteristics(a) Annual Birth and crude death rates(b) Age-specific death rate(c) Infant mortality rate(d) Maternal mortality rate vi) Cause-specific death rate (specific health area) vii) Leading causes of morbidity(a) Incidence rates (specific diseases)(b) Prevalence rates (specific diseases) C) Psychological Considerations i) Significant historical events ii) Future economic prospects iii) Formal and Informal Communication Network iv) Rates of Suicide and Homicides for specific subgroups within the population v) Adequacy of protective servicesvi) Common sources of Stress (e.g. unemployment , lack of affordable housing) D) Sociocultural Considerations: The Community As a Social System i) Socioeconomic status(a) Income of family(b) Major occupations(c) Estimated level of unemployment(d) Percent below poverty level(e) People retired ii) Educational level(a) Religious distribution(b) Marriage and divorce rates(c) Language  E) Government and Leadership i) Type of government (mayor, city manager, board of commissioners) ii) City offices (location, hours, services, access) F) Education  i) Public educational facilities ii) Private educational facilities iii) Libraries iv) Services for special populations(a) Pregnant teens(b) Adults with special problems(c) Children and adults who are developmentally disabled(d) Children and adults who are blind and/or deaf  G) Transportation  H) Behavioral Considerations i) Consumption patterns (general nutritional level of the population) ii) Leisure pursuit iii) Other health-related behaviors (e.g. frequency of seat belt use)   I) Health System Considerations i) Identify existing services ii) Assessing current level of performance iii) Availability and accessibility of specific types of health care services iv) Health needs lacking services v) Extent to which health care services are overused and underused vi) Financing of health care 

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