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** Please elaborate and extend paragraphs below. Please focus on B) stressors/ge
** Please elaborate and extend paragraphs below. Please focus on B) stressors/gentrification/health disparities/income inequality & highlight added work. A Public Health Emergency Bayview Hunters Point is home to a community that carries most of the burden of San Francisco’s pollution. Located in southeast San Francisco, residents are surrounded by considerable environmental threats, including a superfund site known as the US Navy's Hunters Point Naval Shipyard. The EPA designated Hunters Point as a Superfund site in 1989. Despite being ranked high enough in toxic contamination to be included on the National Priorities List, it has not been designated. Activities led by The United States Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory (NRDL) caused significant radiological contamination. Beyond the shipyard, BVHP is surrounded by heavy industry and a stadium parking lot that causes urban and industrial pollution through direct runoff and groundwater interactions. A century’s worth of waste dumping and sewage in Yosemite Slough also threatens the community’s water quality. Furthermore, the health of residents and the surrounding environment are disproportionately affected. Current clean up approaches are not sufficient. Due to clean up effort stagnation towards the superfund site and surrounding area, residents of BVHP demand reasonable action in protecting the health of the community. The Location of Yosemite Slough Yosemite slough is a shallow water channel situated between Hunters Point Naval Shipyard (HPNS) (EPA Superfund site) and Candlestick Point. Depending on the tide, the channel’s sediment can be left uncovered, or covered with three to five feet of water. Health Risks and Outcomes The EPA has identified unsafe levels of chemicals in the mud and water of Yosemite Slough. Harmful chemicals such as lead and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) cause health effects. Pollution of BVHP plays a significant role in contributing to health problems of members of the community. Past case studies by the San Francisco Health Department reported elevated rates of asthma, diabetes, and several cancers among Bayview Hunters Point residents (Mori, 1997). Asthma is a serious health concern for BVHP residents, 10% of residents reporting having asthma. One in six kids with asthma. A rate of birth defects, 44.3 per 1,000 births, much higher than the 33.1 per 1,000 countywide. Infant mortality rates 2.5 times higher than the rest of San Francisco’s. According to the BAAQMD, 20 known air pollutants were found in BVHP. Studies have shown a correlation between urine toxin screening and radiation pollution from Hunters Point. Results showed 30 residents and workers have detected one or more elements in toxic concentrations documented to be present at the Slough. Community Profile: The people of Bayview Hunters Point Bay-views Hunter Point is the merging of two neighborhoods in the Southeastern corner of San Francisco: Bayviews and Hunters Point. Bayviews Hunter Point is the most ethnically and economically diverse neighborhood in San Francisco, with a growing population. According to the 2010 U.S. Census, Bayview–Hunters Point (ZIP 94124) had a population of 33,996, with 33.7% African-American. African-Americans make up the largest ethnic group among residents. A study by the PHI in 2002 showed that BVHP had the most families in San Francisco living below the poverty line. Poor neighborhoods are at a higher risk of pollution and poor housing can exacerbate preexisting health conditions. B) stressors/gentrification/health disparities/income inequality Lack of institutional outreach - how can support be identified. Housing issue Housing prices have increased Casted doubt on the city’s ability to meet goals for housing development. Stop the development of building on top of the superfund site - end administrative complacency References (APA format) Metzger, Eliot & Lendvay, John. (2006). COMMENTARY: Seeking Environmental Justice through Public Participation: A Community-Based Water Quality Assessment in Bayview Hunters Point. Environmental Practice. 8. 104 - 114. 10.1017/S1466046606060133. EA Engineering, Science, and Technology, Inc., & United States Environmental Protection Agency. (2021, February 26). Semspub.epa.gov. TECHNICAL MEMORANDUM: EVALUATION OF REMEDY REFINEMENTS FOR YOSEMITE SLOUGH SAN FRANCISCO, CA. Retrieved March 9, 2022, from https://semspub.epa.gov/work/09/100023289.pdf

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