Please answer the questions below 200-500 words each. For these questions you will need access to these two books listed " Youth Street Gangs" by David C Brotherton and "World of Gangs Armed Young Men and Gangsta Culture" by John M Hagedorn. The questions are listed below. What are the connections between gangs and the community? How does race, class, and gender influence the histories of the community? How does the state, hegemony and civil society shape "gangs"? How do racial codes and class assumptions influence the image of gangs? How does the moral panic over gangs lead to the “new Jim Crow”? What are the social consequences of US Police’s anti-gang tactics and “over policing” and the ”mano dura” strategies in El Salvador. What is the meaning of the formula: migration + city+ poverty + slums + discrimination + youth = gangs. What is “retreat of state” and how is it related to “social disorganization”? Why did the social movements of the 1960s not fulfill the dreams of the “truly disadvantaged”? How does Cornel West’s idea a “nihilism” (meaningless, lovelessness, etc life) arise? Why are some gangs members attracted to Islam? What does demoralization mean today? Why is race an independent factor? Why were classical theories on gangs characterized by a “soon-to-come better day” and why has this changed? What role did the IMF, WB and US Treasury Department have in weakening the state?