A traditional essay analysing Japanese idols using the concepts and frameworks covered in class, at a length of around 2500 words. It might be good to contrast the early idols with today's idols, for example, and show how the media framework around them is different now. Class materials will help you unpack the change there and what effect that has on culture. PROMPTS 1) Critically examine the role and stakes of a strategy of representation through media. This can be figures of power, like the Emperor, configurations of gender and creative expression, and figures of the traditional/modern, animal/machine. 2) Critically examine the creation of a subject and/or a posthuman network by analysing a piece of media covered in class. 3) Explain the historical emergence and current provenance of a form of media. 4) Explain, and synthesise, contestations around modes of representation, whether it be in terms of Japanism, feminism, humanism, etc. Your work must have a synthesis and conclusion to it - it cannot just be a summary or overview. comparing the different representations achieved of one topic in different media (e.g. cyborgs in anime, manga, otaku goods, etc.) or one form of media and its role as a cultural apparatus (anime, for example).