It's time to research! Now that you have established the topic for your essay, it is time to research it. Whenever you are going to present your opinion, it is important for you to establish your ethos, or speaker credibility. To establish credibility, you must do at least one of the following: - Establish a common ground with the audience. - Present the counterargument. - State your credentials within the field. - Demonstrate that you have extensively researched the topic. Say what? To establish ethos, you must research your topic. Since the purpose of this essay is to alarm the reader of a problem within your profession that could be easily solved with money, then it is your responsibility to inform the reader as to the importance of the topic. Have other departments which received assistance benefited greatly? Have studies on your topic (i.e., nutrition) proven the immediate and long-term benefits valuable to professionals within the field? Tips and tricks There are several methods to conducting research and locating credible sources. For this essay, you will try minimizing your searches to .edu websites. To narrow your search, do the following: - Go to Google.com. - Type key search words into the Google search bar. Be cautious of the words you use. For example, if researching the immediate and long-term benefits of improved nutrition, you could try the following combinations: "firefighter nutrition benefits" "firefighter health performance" "firefighter study nutrition" Get advanced After finding the right combination of key words, select "Enter" to search the web. With the first combination of keywords, the internet generated over 5 million results. To weed out the less credible sources, such as blogs, I search for the word "Settings" on the Google page. Once I click on "Settings," I then select "Advanced Search." After selecting "Advanced Search," I then scroll down to "Site or Domain," where I enter ".edu" to limit the more than 5 million sources to 56,300. Limiting your search to .edu not only lessens the number of results but also helps separate the credible sources to the less credible sources. Goal setters do better. Promise yourself to read at least three different studies or publications addressing your topic. Make sure what you are reading can be related to your problem and solution essay. At this time, you should be able to determine what each paragraph in your essay will address. Create an outline and complete the two body paragraphs. Recall the body paragraph format: Body 1 - Describe the problem. - Write with detail. Use news articles, journals, magazines, etc. to get specific details that show the audience you are informed. Body 2 - Describe the Solution. - Provide details that demonstrate your level of understanding. Give credit where credit is due. Writers must always be cautious of plagiarism. You will commit plagiarism if you fail to cite the source from where you gathered your information. For this essay, you will use APA to cite your sources. If you are unaware of how to cite a source using APA, use the following link as a guide. Since you conducted research for this essay and research establishes ethos, do not worry about citing too much. Remember from your previous class that there are different ways to introduce information in your writing. For instance, writers oftentimes balance their research writing with a variety of direct quotes and paraphrases. Lastly, remember the conventions of paragraph writing: - A paragraph starts with a topic sentence. - The second body paragraph starts with an across paragraph transition. - Sentences within the paragraph need within paragraph transitions (Also, Moreover, However, On the other hand, etc.) to create cohesion. - Paragraphs end with concluding statements. - Each paragraph requires an in text citation in APA style. Submit, don't quit 🙂 After writing the two body paragraphs, submit them, as well as the introduction from Week 4.