Essay instructions Please read carefully, if you need any credentials let me know. In partial fulfillment of the course learning objectives, you will submit one major research essay assignment. This project examines the efficacy and significance of "President Jackson's Veto Message Regarding the Bank of the United States; July 10, 1832," (Links to an external site.) in which Jackson said the Bank was unconstitutional because it was a monopoly--a grant of exclusive privilege--that excluded most of the American people from participation and, therefore, was a menace to the country's liberty and independence. https://avalon.law.yale.edu/19th_century/ajveto01.asp You will write a 3-5 page research essay (double spaced - format specifics below) in which you assert a thesis (argument), support it with relevant factual information (body paragraphs), and examine its significance (conclusion). This is a formal project requiring primary and secondary research, annotated with proper citations (see Format Requirements below). Steps to Follow Read through these instructions the first DAY of class. Begin thinking about the direction you want to take for your Essay immediately. Begin your research--look for primary and secondary sources--no later than week one of the course. Check the library schedule! You should use the lecture content from Module 9 to assist you (and the content in The Unfinished Nation, Chapter 9 "Jacksonian America" and Chapter 10 "America's Economic Revolution.") Submit your Essay by the due day. Reading Read "President Jackson's Veto Message Regarding the Bank of the United States; July 10, 1832" (Links to an external site.) (Select the article title to open the document). Questions to Consider Your primary task is to examine the efficacy and significance of Jackson's Veto Message (and his Veto) through the lens of social responsibility. Social responsibility means that individuals and companies have a duty to act in the best interests of their environment and society as a whole. In this case, it means that you must consider the degree to which Jackson's Message and Veto met that criteria. As part of your Essay, and to help you compose your thesis, you should consider at least the following: What was the historical context of the Veto Message? Reflect on the meaning of Jackson's veto message as it relates not just to the issues at hand (The Bank War) but especially how it relates to the rise in the spirit and meaning of democracy, individualism, and egalitarianism. How precisely does this veto message reflect the spirit of the "Age of Jackson"? In what ways does it relate to/build on the ethos reflected in the American Declaration of Independence? If one story of American history is about a movement toward greater democracy, individualism, and egalitarianism, where does the veto message fit it? Why did Jackson issue the Veto? What were his goals? Who were the various individuals involved? What did they hope to gain? Were they acting primarily in their own best interests or those of society? Social Responsibility requires that individuals and leaders have a duty to act in the best interest of society. To what degree did the following do their duty? Jackson? Biddle? Others? Are there any groups of Americans for which this veto message might not have meaning? If so, who are they, and why would it not have meaning? In what ways does this Veto message (its meaning and significance) speak to the problems and possibilities of the present? In other words, why is this history valuable for us to understand today? Academic Research In addition to the provided document, you MUST utilize at least one (1) primary source (in addition to Jackson's Veto) and three (3) secondary sources (you must use at least one (1) book for your secondary source and two (2) academic articles). The best essays use more sources. Historians rely on two types of sources: primary and secondary. PRIMARY SOURCES are produced contemporaneously with the events or issues being studied, often by those directly involved. Historians reconstruct the past by locating, studying, and interpreting the evidence found in these sources, including such documents as: Letters Diaries Journals Memoirs, even if written years later Newspaper articles from the period Official records Interviews Speeches Each of these sources provides only a narrow perspective on the subject, usually from a biased perspective. Only by piecing them together and interpreting them critically can the bigger picture (history) be constructed. You MUST utilize at least one (1) primary source (in addition to Jackson's Veto). SECONDARY SOURCES, by contrast, analyze and interpret events based on the available primary sources. Secondary sources vary widely in their purpose, validity, and quality, including printed books, e-books, articles, and websites. As you research the secondary sources, note how the authors use primary sources. Check their notes and bibliography to determine what sources they are relying on and why. In the best historical writing, you will note the historian's interaction with the evidence (primary sources) and with previous historical works (secondary sources). You MUST utilize three (3) secondary sources (one (1) book and two (2) academic articles). Locating Appropriate Books The place to begin searching for books is the NCTC library's card catalog, which is available online. Use a keyword or subject search to find the call number that will direct you to the work. You may also come across titles and/or authors in your preliminary reading on the subject; look up those titles. As you read, you will locate additional resources. If you find a book that the NCTC library does not have, use the interlibrary loan service to get it. Librarians will always help with this process—that is, after all, their job! Use academic works—monographs or biographies written by respected authors and published by a legitimate press. Do not use general reference works, such as encyclopedias, textbooks, or broad surveys. Such sources are valuable for background reading and can lead to acceptable works, but you should rely on peer-reviewed sources in your paper (books from academic presses). Also, avoid books based on propaganda rather than evidence or books intended for children or young adults. Check the documentation—footnotes or endnotes and the bibliography—to evaluate the level of scholarship, and consider the author's credentials. Do not use sources that don't have authors. You must review many books before deciding on specific works that will be useful for your purposes. Focus on that part of the book that relates to your specific topic. For example, use the table of contents and/or the index to focus on your specific topic. Locating Appropriate Academic Articles Do not rely on a Google/Bing/Yahoo/Etc. search to locate academic journal articles. You must use peer-reviewed sources, and it is difficult for a beginning researcher to determine whether a journal article found through a general search meets this requirement. Do not use such sources as Wikipedia, ask.com, history.com, SparkNotes, cliff notes, etc. Instead, make use of the NCTC library's database subscriptions. If you are not familiar with these resources, the homepage provides an easy tutorial, and librarians will also guide you through the process. Two good places to start are JSTOR and Academic Search Complete. (When using Academic Search Completes' search function, be sure that you check the box that limits the search to "peer-reviewed" sources.) If you find an abstract (summary) of an article that sounds useful, but the text is not available online, the librarian can probably get it for you through interlibrary loan. You may want to take the library course available on Canvas to develop research skills. The course should appear on your Canvas page; if not, contact the library to be enrolled. When you finish the course, you will receive a "congratulations" page. While what happened in the past cannot change, our understanding of it does. Therefore, it is best to use reasonably current sources (within the last 30 years) to take advantage of the most up-to-date secondary sources. Finding and Using Primary Sources Your paper should also incorporate at least one primary source. Fortunately, locating primary sources is much easier than in times past. You may start just by looking at the bibliographies in your secondary sources and locating those documents. Many are collected in print sources that our library will either have or be able to get on interlibrary loan. But the most convenient way to find primary sources is online, as a concerted effort is being made to make vast amounts of material widely available. Evidence that used to require long-distance travel and many hours searching through indexes and boxes in libraries is now available with the click of a computer key. Unfortunately, it is also much easier to post bogus material, so you MUST be sure that the website's sponsor is legitimate. Documents are sometimes selectively edited, taken out of context, or even forged, especially when the organization posting has a political agenda. Before you rely on a document, you must identify what organization, individuals, or individual posted it and why. If you cannot readily identify who produced the website, DO NOT USE IT! Check the credentials of individuals associated with the site. If the publisher is an organization, determine what its purpose is and who its organizers are. The NCTC library subscribes to many databases that include primary sources. Another major source for documents is the Library of Congress website. Documents posted by universities and museums are also generally reliable. NCTC Ask-a-Librarian NCTC Librarians are now available for virtual appointments using Upswing! Search for "Library" under the subject listing, and schedule an appointment with an available librarian. Upswing can be found by logging into OneLogin (https://nctc.onelogin.com/ (Links to an external site.)) . If you need an answer to a straightforward, factual question, or assistance with an NCTC research assignment, fill in the form at NCTC - Ask a Librarian (Links to an external site.). They will provide you with an answer (and references to relevant sources) via e-mail in at least 24 hours. If you are submitting on a weekend (or during a college holiday), expect a reply on the following Monday (or normal workday). Essay Format After you have carefully read the document, conducted your research, contextualized the content with lecture, the textbook, you will write a 3 to 5-page Essay considering the above questions. The format of your Essay is as follows: Introduction Your Essay must include an introductory paragraph that describes the argument you intend to make in your paper. This introduction MUST include a thesis statement, which clearly outlines what you intend to prove/argue in the body of your writing. Your introduction MUST also summarize the main points of evidence you will use in your Essay's body paragraphs. Your paper's direction and flow are primarily driven by the quality of the thesis and outline that you present in your introduction; so, be sure that you have a clear and focused thesis accompanied by a list of your main points of evidence. Body Paragraphs Write supporting paragraphs that support the argument presented in your thesis. These supporting paragraphs MUST use the source document, Jackson's Message, and your additional primary and secondary sources to support your argument. There is no maximum to the number of supporting paragraphs that you can use to make your argument; however, be sure to keep your paper focused on your argument and do not fill it with irrelevant material. Conclusion Write a conclusion (can be more than one paragraph) that re-frames your argument and sums up the overall Essay. This paragraph is the obvious location for you to consider why it might be vital for us to understand this history. Instructions/Paper Requirements: Essays REQUIRE assertions supported with best evidence, paragraphs, proper spelling, grammar, punctuation, and citations. Your Essay must be submitted as an MS-Word file attachment. You MUST use this Sample Essay-1301.docx Download Sample Essay-1301.docx(select link) to compose your answer: In the Sample File: In the header: Replace 'Lname, Fname' with Your last name and first name. Replace 'Class' with Your class name. Replace the Latin 'dummy text' with your answer. Replace "Lname" in the page 2 header with your last name. Add MLA in-text citations as required. For citation information, see MLA Basic In Text Citation Rules.pdf Download MLA Basic In Text Citation Rules.pdf (select link). Replace Works Cited example page with your Works Cited information. See MLA Citation Forms A Short Guide.pdf Download MLA Citation Forms A Short Guide.pdf (select link). Do NOT forget to cite the Veto Message! This Essay MUST be submitted by the due date through Turnitin in the Canvas portal by 11:59 pm on the due date. Late Essays will not be accepted.