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E-commerce law in the United States Electronic commerce (E-commerce) is a model
E-commerce law in the United States Electronic commerce (E-commerce) is a model that permits individuals and companies to purchase and sell services and goods via the internet (Meskic et al., 2022). In the contemporary world, it has gained a foothold in the people's minds with high acceptance, specifically in the under-developing countries. In most scenarios, the platform offers a significant interplay between the interaction between the vendor and the consumer. In recent years, it has been evident that e-commerce platforms have attained a high level of acceptance. Still, there have been problems arising from various instances where the individual customers or the companies have been frauded. Therefore, in order to ensure decency and security, there is the need to establish decisions, laws, and regulations regarding the internet rulings and laws to control such platforms. The United States has spearheaded in formulating these rulings to safeguard its economy while protecting its citizens from misuse by fraudsters, corporations, and even the government (Khanal et al., 2022). Through the use of Congress, the US has set these laws to keep the digital world in order and safeguard the citizens. This workprint will critically discuss e-commerce in detail, offering a blueprint of the laws and regulations that the United States have formulated to safeguard the well-being of its citizens while improving its economic status. The laws that I will expound on are Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986, Restore Online Shoppers' Confidence Act of 2010 and Controlling Assault to Non-solicit Pornography and Marketing of 2003. Additionally, the paper will pinpoint how we can apply electronic commerce in the current generation. Today, we have comprehensive access to the whole market through smartphones, tablets, computers, and other smart devices gargets, which play a vital role in controlling these operations (Khanal et al., 2022). With the advancement of electronics, we can do online shopping with bank transfers. Furthermore, we can carry out different online acts and social services via different online social media platforms. The allowance of e-commerce for a wide range of activities poses a great risk since there is a high probability of illegal activities such as frauds and scams. As a result, the United States government has established laws and regulations and laws to offer legal protection to E-commerce and the use of the internet for commercial uses (Meskic et al., 2022). The three highlighted Laws in the thesis statement are the vital guides to the online acts and social services for protecting the E-commerce. In 1980, the United State Congress recognized that there was no set rule and law to penalize and punish individuals who were involved in cybercrimes and other offensive crimes via the internet. This contributed to establishing the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act in 1986 (CFAA). It was a federal legislative law act primarily aimed at curtailing cybercrimes (Tsang, 2022). The Act was meant to clarify, expand and strengthen the narrow Act of 1984. Due to the enhancement and advancement of computer systems and E-commerce, the law has undergone various modifications to ensure maximum public safety by preventing hacking, theft, and other cybercrimes, which have tremendously taken a new dimension in the current days. Additionally, the CFAA was developed to offer security to offer protected access to the computer systems of the United States government and its financial institutions, thereby facilitating free business transactions and operations (Tsang, 2022). This cybersecurity bill was enacted to prohibit access to computers without authorization. The Act has played a vital role in criminalizing trafficking in passwords, which has helped American citizens. Following the terrorist attack of 2001, the amendment of the CFAA led to the establishment of the Theft Enforcement and Restitution Act and USA Patriot Act which enabled the CFAA to seizure and search for records from the internet providers. In 2015, president Obama Proposed the expansion of the RICO and CFAA Act in combating cyber-crime in the USA (Tsang, 2022). As a result of the amendment, up-to-date workers cannot be held liable or be prosecuted under CFAA for blaspheming a policy in a non-government institution. Furthermore, the development of the CAN-SPAM Act (Controlling the Assault of Non-Solicit Pornography and Marketing Act) of 2003 bans misleading information and deceptive commercial emails (Kigerl, 2018). The acts develop the requirements for messages, offer the recipient freedom not to be emailed, and place tough penalties if this is violated. The Act requires the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) to promulgate laws to safeguard consumers from unwanted spam and other sexually explicit emails. CAN-SPAM has significantly been used to analyze the marketing methods by considering the format, content, and labelling of the emails to ensure that they are not misleading. In the current world, the CAN-SPAM can regulate the sending of unsolicited commercial emails to protect the public (Kigerl, 2018). In connection to this, the United States government has applied CAN-SPAM Acts to track the common spamming practices such as hijacking, dictionary attacks, harvesting, and IP address spoofing through the use of worms and open mail relays or Trojan horse. The FTC has not yet been able to implement the recommendations from the CAN-SPAM, and this has posed a great chance for the spammers to aggravate more problems in the E-commerce problems (Kigerl, 2018). However, the Act does not exclude the interconnection between commercial organizations. Therefore, in the current generation, we can apply this law to instil tight strategies to the internet messaging and emailing to prevent misleading information, which may pose a threat and insecurity in the public domain. Additionally, the United States also have incorporated the use of the Restore Online Shoppers' Confidence Act (ROSCA) as a credible source to protect its citizens from internet violations and insecurities (Budnitz, 2020). The development of this Act resulted from the inquiry to the 'data pass’ and the increased consent to the marketing made by the United State Senate commerce committee. This Act, since its implementation, has significantly increasingly been used as a tool to navigate and control all the operations in electronic commerce. ROSCA has shown its great importance even in the current time in the USA. Since the signing of the ROSCA bill by President Obama on December 29, 2010, there has been a significant influence on online negative option offers, post-transitional offers, and third-party sellers (Khanal et al., 2022). This has ensured that the third-party system is not involved during the selling and the buying process, which increases the anonymity of the consumers and companies. The ROSCA Act covers all online transactions, ensuring that the merchants are banned from disclosing the consumers billing information and data to a third party up-seller after the transaction has been made (Budnitz, 2020). Instead, the Act dictates that if the third party are to be involved, they need to know the account to be charged, the consumer's address and name, and how to contact them. Additionally, they need to be aware of the material terms of the offers, consent to be charged, description and the cost of the services and products being provided to the customers. Conclusively, the paper has outlined several ways in which the United States have utilized different laws and regulations to safeguard E-commerce and the well-being of its citizens. Therefore, in the current generation, we need to advocate the application of secure E-commerce platforms as a practical approach to protecting data in the E-commerce sector. In the contemporary world, advancement and pre-amendment of the outlined law acts need to be formulated in order to fit the upcoming challenges in the cyber sector. These laws can be applied in the E-commerce industries to ensure that privacy laws are followed to avoid reputation damages and legal penalties to facilitate the complete transaction of goods and services to increase productivity. Therefore, I may recommend that one use a secure connection to safeguard sensitive information on the computer when online. Additionally, using a card verification number (CVV), using a strong password, setting up notification of theft or suspicious activities, and applying a mail address may be important in offering protection and security to the E-commerce at a personal level. References Budnitz, M. E. (2020). Principles and Programs to Protect Consumers from the Deleterious Effects of Technological Innovation. In Innovation and the Transformation of Consumer Law (pp. 3-17). Springer, Singapore. Khanal, P. B., Aubert, B. A., Bernard, J. G., Narasimhamurthy, R., & Dé, R. (2022). Frugal innovation and digital effectuation for development: the case of Lucia. Information Technology for Development, 28(1), 81-110. Kigerl, A. C. (2018). Email spam origins: does the CAN-SPAM act shift spam beyond United States jurisdiction?. Trends in Organized Crime, 21(1), 62-78. Meskic, Z., Albakjaji, M., Omerovic, E., & Alhussein, H. (2022). Transnational Consumer Protection in E-Commerce: Lessons Learned From the European Union and the United States. International Journal of Service Science, Management, Engineering, and Technology (IJSSMET), 13(1), 1-15. Tsang, K. F. (2022). International Application of CFAA: Scraping Data or Scraping Law?. Saint Louis University Law Journal, 66(2), 7.

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