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e Going back to our first module, we highlighted that a project is a set of acti
e Going back to our first module, we highlighted that a project is a set of activities in a given time for a specific outcome or product. To this concept, there should be a time when the project outcome is eventually handed off to the end-user for operational use. This may be you as the project manager, but many times it is to a client or internal operational team. So, it is vital to ensure that your project is closed and handed off appropriately. One of the key considerations for project closure is to ensure that there is a sense of accomplishment and conclusion. This is important for team members to celebrate and reflect on the work that has been done. Never-ending projects will wear on team members and make it where they can feel burnt out. Secondly, having an official closure can validate work done with clients or leaders and ensure that a sign-off is done. This is beneficial to ensure that there is not a “blame game” happening after the project is closed and handed off appropriately. There are many steps that can happen with a project closure, but it typically includes the following: Closeout of all contracts and documentation Document and review lessons learned Determine outcome/requirements meeting the target Measuring client/stakeholder satisfaction Sign-off on project completion Formal hand-off Archiving project information On the flip side, there is also project terminations. This means that the project did not achieve the desired outcomes prior to ending. This can be done because of four ways/reasons: Termination by extinction: stopped by no longer giving resources to complete. Termination by addition: existing project elements become part of a new program or organization. Termination by integration: existing project elements are integrated into an existing system or project. Termination by starvation: stopped by no longer giving resources to complete (Sohmen 2002). https://www.pmi.org/learning/library/project-termination-delay-1931 https://www.teamwork.com/blog/project-closure/Based on the readings above and attached, complete the following: Based on your portfolio project topic, you will design a closure plan for your project. Elements to have in your closure plan include the following: Termination Protocol What conditions would result in the project being terminated Approval process for any terminations Closing and Transition Protocol What outcomes/measures must be met to “trigger” closure? What approval must be done to accept the project by the client/end-user? What steps are done with the operational owners to complete the transition of the project?

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