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Assessment Tool for Patient Symptoms Using the Theory of Unpleasant Symptoms Nur
Assessment Tool for Patient Symptoms Using the Theory of Unpleasant Symptoms Nursing theories have the objective of coaching clinical practice logically and organized. The Theory of Unpleasant Symptoms lets the nurses know the diverse groups of symptoms so that they can recommend non-pharmacological interventions. In this context, the importance of the use of the Theory of Unpleasant Symptoms is evident in nursing practice and research. The Theory of Unpleasant Symptoms was assembled in 1995 and reviewed in 1997 (Gomes et al., 2019). Initially, the theory occurred in 1995 from clinical observations and practical investigations created by a group of researchers with vast experience. Respective investigations sustained the structure of this medium-range theory, which was planned for application and usage by clinical nurses, researchers, and managers. Later on, the theory was revised and findings helped theorists to discover that physical, psychological, and situational factors could affect the symptoms experienced by the examined person. Moreover, symptom management has become increasingly important to nursing practice and continues to appear as an essential focus of nursing science. The Theory of Unpleasant Symptoms was developed to incorporate existing knowledge about a variety of symptoms to support nursing research with valid findings. Notably, as the theory has been modified, attention has been paid to the attribute that symptoms can interact with one another, perhaps catalyzing each other. Also, symptoms can involve controlling factors, and shifts in performance can also have a common effect on symptoms and/or affecting factors. These results are also helpful tools used in nursing research to discover efficient interventions. In nursing practice, the Theory of Unpleasant Symptoms highlights the complication of symptoms while also suggesting possible preventive and management strategies (Lenz, 2018). Generally, the theory guides a healthcare worker as it clarifies three main features, namely the symptoms that the patient is experiencing, the factors that affect them (both in their nature and in their development), and the outcomes of that experience (Gomes et al., 2019). For example, numerous symptoms appearing together may have the same or different grounds and can have diverse effects. By categorizing influencing factors as physiological, psychological, and situational, the theory promotes considering exceeding the physical domain of care. All in all, the Theory of Unpleasant Symptoms assumes the diversity of the symptoms and the possible connection between them. The theory is a helpful tool for finding new useful interventions during the nursing research. Besides, the theory is effectively used in nursing practice to provide the patient with the most efficient intervention. References Gomes, G. L., Rodrigues Lopes de Oliveira, F. M., Fernandes Barbosa, K. T., Torres de Medeiros, A. C., das Graças Melo Fernandes, M., & Lima da Nóbrega, M. M. (2019). Theory of unpleasant symptoms: Critical analysis. Texto e Contexto Enfermagem 28(2). DOI:10.1590/1980-265x-tce-2017-0222 Lenz, E. R. (2018). Application of the theory of unpleasant symptoms in practice: A challenge for nursing. Investigación en Enfermería: Imagen y Desarrollo, 20(1). https://www.redalyc.org/journal/1452/145254388001/html/ ****Please answer to the this discussion and add me 2 bibliography references*****

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