Take-home Test Answer two of the following questions, in short essays of approximately 500-750 words each (3 sources for each question). What were the main factors that promoted a common Han cultural identity in late imperial China? What factors shaped the distinctive regional subcultures that emerged in Southern China and Taiwan? Base your answer on Henrietta Harrison’s discussion in China: Inventing a Nation and any other relevant materials you choose to draw on. Meisner argues that all classes were weak in the late imperial and early republican period. Mao on the other hand presents quite a different view in his 1926 essay on social classes in China.(“ Analysis of Classes” May 11 Readings) Compare Meisner and Mao’s analyses of classes in this period, in particular as they relate to the prospects for social revolution. How does their two discussions of class help to explain the outcome of the early Communist Party efforts to build a revolutionary movement in China? (See Meisner, Chapters 1 and 3) In “On People’s Democratic Dictatorship: (1949) Mao speaks of the need to transform people’s values and rid them of feudal and bourgeois attitudes and beliefs. Felix Wermheuer discusses some of the mechanisms and policies adopted to transform society. Based on Liang Heng’s Son of the Revolution (Chapters 1-4), how successful do you think those efforts were? In Chapter 17 of Meisner’s Mao’s China and After, (“The Concept of the Cultural Revolution”) Meisner describes what he labels as a “last desperate attempt to revive a revolution he believed was dying,” as “a failure on a grand scale.” (291) To what extent was the Cultural Revolution a failure in your view? What explains the gap between Mao’s goals and the final outcome? Base your answer on Philip Pan’s “The Cemetery,” and on Meisner’s discussion of the aftermath of the Cultural Revolution in Chapter 19 of his book. (See Quercus Module for May 18. Chapter 17 and 19 of Meisner are contained in Mao’s China # 3 as well as Philip Pan;s chapter, “The Cemetery” for reference) .