Week 4: The Art of Japan prior to 1333 "The Song Dynasty" The Song dynasty (960–1279) was culturally the most brilliant era in later imperial Chinese history. A time of great social and economic change, the period in large measure shaped the intellectual and political climate of China down to the twentieth century. The first half of this era, when the capital was located at Bianliang (modern Kaifeng), is known as the Northern Song period. The early Northern Song dynasty witnessed the flowering of one of the supreme artistic expressions of Chinese civilization. Retreating to the mountains to escape the turmoil and destruction that occurred at the end of the Tang dynasty (618–907), tenth-century recluse-painters discovered in nature the moral order that they had found lacking in the human world. In their visionary landscapes, the great mountain, towering above the lesser mountains, trees, and men, was like “a ruler among his subjects, a master among servants.” Later, Song court painters transformed these idealized images of nature into emblems of a perfectly ordered state. Prompt: For this week, please complete a formal analysis of this piece and discuss how this landscape exemplifies the attributes of The Song Dynasty. Refer to "Writing About Art History" for information about Formal Analysis. 2 paragraphs: each paragraph 5-7 developed sentences. Remember this is not a report, your are describing what you see and the visual components (elements and principles) that support your response.